Как узнать модель материнской платы не разбирая компьютер под Linux

25 сентября 2019  •  GNU Linux - CentOS / Debian / Компьютеное железо  •  Коментарии: 0  •  Просмотры: 75

При апгрейде удаленных компьютеров важно знать заранее какое железо в них установлено, чтобы ехать не с пустыми руками. Ранее я писал как это сделать под Windows. То есть как узнать модель материнской платы не разбирая компьютер — https://moonback.ru/page/motherboard-model

В этой статье расскажу как провести инвентаризацию компьютерного железа не разбирая компьютер из консоли Linux на примере Debian.

Как узнать комплектующие компьютера в Linux

Выполните в консоли команду dmidecode и получите на выходе простыню информации для размышления:

# dmidecode 2.12
SMBIOS 2.4 present.
22 structures occupying 1119 bytes.
Table at 0x000FC2B0.

Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
BIOS Information
        Vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
        Version: P1.90
        Release Date: 05/16/2012
        Address: 0xF0000
        Runtime Size: 64 kB
        ROM Size: 512 kB
        Characteristics:
                PCI is supported
                BIOS is upgradeable
                BIOS shadowing is allowed
                Boot from CD is supported
                Selectable boot is supported
                BIOS ROM is socketed
                EDD is supported
                5.25"/1.2 MB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
                3.5"/720 kB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
                3.5"/2.88 MB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
                Print screen service is supported (int 5h)
                8042 keyboard services are supported (int 9h)
                Serial services are supported (int 14h)
                Printer services are supported (int 17h)
                CGA/mono video services are supported (int 10h)
                ACPI is supported
                USB legacy is supported
                LS-120 boot is supported
                ATAPI Zip drive boot is supported
                BIOS boot specification is supported
                Function key-initiated network boot is supported
                Targeted content distribution is supported
        BIOS Revision: 8.14

Handle 0x0001, DMI type 1, 27 bytes
System Information
        Manufacturer: DEPO Computers
        Product Name: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Version: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Serial Number: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        UUID: 00020003-0004-0005-0006-000700080009
        Wake-up Type: Power Switch
        SKU Number: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Family: To Be Filled By O.E.M.

Handle 0x0002, DMI type 2, 15 bytes
Base Board Information
        Manufacturer: ASRock
        Product Name: G31M-GS.
        Version:
        Serial Number:
        Asset Tag:
        Features:
                Board is a hosting board
                Board is replaceable
        Location In Chassis:
        Chassis Handle: 0x0003
        Type: Motherboard
        Contained Object Handles: 0

Handle 0x0003, DMI type 3, 21 bytes
Chassis Information
        Manufacturer: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Type: Desktop
        Lock: Not Present
        Version: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Serial Number: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Asset Tag: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Boot-up State: Safe
        Power Supply State: Safe
        Thermal State: Safe
        Security Status: None
        OEM Information: 0x00000000
        Height: Unspecified
        Number Of Power Cords: 1
        Contained Elements: 0

Handle 0x0004, DMI type 4, 35 bytes
Processor Information
        Socket Designation: CPUSocket
        Type: Central Processor
        Family: Core 2 Duo
        Manufacturer: Intel
        ID: FB 06 00 00 FF FB EB BF
        Signature: Type 0, Family 6, Model 15, Stepping 11
        Flags:
                FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
                VME (Virtual mode extension)
                DE (Debugging extension)
                PSE (Page size extension)
                TSC (Time stamp counter)
                MSR (Model specific registers)
                PAE (Physical address extension)
                MCE (Machine check exception)
                CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
                APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
                SEP (Fast system call)
                MTRR (Memory type range registers)
                PGE (Page global enable)
                MCA (Machine check architecture)
                CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)
                PAT (Page attribute table)
                PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)
                CLFSH (CLFLUSH instruction supported)
                DS (Debug store)
                ACPI (ACPI supported)
                MMX (MMX technology supported)
                FXSR (FXSAVE and FXSTOR instructions supported)
                SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)
                SSE2 (Streaming SIMD extensions 2)
                SS (Self-snoop)
                HTT (Multi-threading)
                TM (Thermal monitor supported)
                PBE (Pending break enabled)
        Version: Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU     E6750  @ 2.66GHz
        Voltage: 1.3 V
        External Clock: 333 MHz
        Max Speed: 2666 MHz
        Current Speed: 2666 MHz
        Status: Populated, Enabled
        Upgrade: Other
        L1 Cache Handle: 0x0005
        L2 Cache Handle: 0x0006
        L3 Cache Handle: Not Provided
        Serial Number: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Asset Tag: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
        Part Number: To Be Filled By O.E.M.

Handle 0x0005, DMI type 7, 19 bytes
Cache Information
        Socket Designation: L1-Cache
        Configuration: Enabled, Not Socketed, Level 1
        Operational Mode: Write Back
        Location: Internal
        Installed Size: 64 kB
        Maximum Size: 64 kB
        Supported SRAM Types:
                Other
        Installed SRAM Type: Other
        Speed: Unknown
        Error Correction Type: Parity
        System Type: Data
        Associativity: 8-way Set-associative

Handle 0x0006, DMI type 7, 19 bytes
Cache Information
        Socket Designation: L2-Cache
        Configuration: Enabled, Not Socketed, Level 2
        Operational Mode: Write Back
        Location: Internal
        Installed Size: 4096 kB
        Maximum Size: 4096 kB
        Supported SRAM Types:
                Other
        Installed SRAM Type: Other
        Speed: Unknown
        Error Correction Type: Single-bit ECC
        System Type: Unified
        Associativity: 16-way Set-associative

Handle 0x0007, DMI type 5, 20 bytes
Memory Controller Information
        Error Detecting Method: 64-bit ECC
        Error Correcting Capabilities:
                None
        Supported Interleave: One-way Interleave
        Current Interleave: One-way Interleave
        Maximum Memory Module Size: 4096 MB
        Maximum Total Memory Size: 8192 MB
        Supported Speeds:
                Other
        Supported Memory Types:
                DIMM
                SDRAM
        Memory Module Voltage: 3.3 V
        Associated Memory Slots: 2
                0x0008
                0x0009
        Enabled Error Correcting Capabilities:
                None

Handle 0x0008, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
        Socket Designation: DIMM0
        Bank Connections: 0 1
        Current Speed: Unknown
        Type: DIMM SDRAM
        Installed Size: 2048 MB (Double-bank Connection)
        Enabled Size: 2048 MB (Double-bank Connection)
        Error Status: OK

Handle 0x0009, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
        Socket Designation: DIMM1
        Bank Connections: 4 5
        Current Speed: Unknown
        Type: DIMM SDRAM
        Installed Size: 2048 MB (Double-bank Connection)
        Enabled Size: 2048 MB (Double-bank Connection)
        Error Status: OK

Handle 0x000A, DMI type 9, 13 bytes
System Slot Information
        Designation: PCI1
        Type: 32-bit PCI
        Current Usage: In Use
        Length: Short
        ID: 1
        Characteristics:
                3.3 V is provided
                Opening is shared
                PME signal is supported

Handle 0x000B, DMI type 9, 13 bytes
System Slot Information
        Designation: PCI2
        Type: 32-bit PCI
        Current Usage: In Use
        Length: Short
        ID: 2
        Characteristics:
                3.3 V is provided
                Opening is shared
                PME signal is supported

Handle 0x000C, DMI type 126, 13 bytes
Inactive

Handle 0x000D, DMI type 9, 13 bytes
System Slot Information
        Designation: PCIE2
        Type: x1 PCI Express
        Current Usage: Available
        Length: Short
        ID: 18
        Characteristics:
                3.3 V is provided
                Opening is shared
                PME signal is supported

Handle 0x000E, DMI type 16, 15 bytes
Physical Memory Array
        Location: System Board Or Motherboard
        Use: System Memory
        Error Correction Type: None
        Maximum Capacity: 4 GB
        Error Information Handle: Not Provided
        Number Of Devices: 2

Handle 0x000F, DMI type 19, 15 bytes
Memory Array Mapped Address
        Starting Address: 0x00000000000
        Ending Address: 0x000FFFFFFFF
        Range Size: 4 GB
        Physical Array Handle: 0x000E
        Partition Width: 4

Handle 0x0010, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
        Array Handle: 0x000E
        Error Information Handle: Not Provided
        Total Width: 64 bits
        Data Width: 64 bits
        Size: 2048 MB
        Form Factor: DIMM
        Set: None
        Locator: DIMM0
        Bank Locator: BANK0
        Type: SDRAM
        Type Detail: Synchronous
        Speed: Unknown
        Manufacturer: Manufacturer0
        Serial Number: SerNum0
        Asset Tag: AssetTagNum0
        Part Number: PartNum0

Handle 0x0011, DMI type 20, 19 bytes
Memory Device Mapped Address
        Starting Address: 0x00000000000
        Ending Address: 0x0007FFFFFFF
        Range Size: 2 GB
        Physical Device Handle: 0x0010
        Memory Array Mapped Address Handle: 0x000F
        Partition Row Position: 1
        Interleaved Data Depth: 1

Handle 0x0012, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
        Array Handle: 0x000E
        Error Information Handle: Not Provided
        Total Width: 64 bits
        Data Width: 64 bits
        Size: 2048 MB
        Form Factor: DIMM
        Set: None
        Locator: DIMM1
        Bank Locator: BANK1
        Type: SDRAM
        Type Detail: Synchronous
        Speed: Unknown
        Manufacturer: Manufacturer1
        Serial Number: SerNum1
        Asset Tag: AssetTagNum1
        Part Number: PartNum1

Handle 0x0013, DMI type 20, 19 bytes
Memory Device Mapped Address
        Starting Address: 0x00080000000
        Ending Address: 0x000FFFFFFFF
        Range Size: 2 GB
        Physical Device Handle: 0x0012
        Memory Array Mapped Address Handle: 0x000F
        Partition Row Position: 1
        Interleaved Data Depth: 1

Handle 0x0014, DMI type 32, 20 bytes
System Boot Information
        Status: No errors detected

Handle 0x0015, DMI type 127, 4 bytes
End Of Table

Если вас интересует только модель материнской платы, то вывод можно существенно сократить командой dmidecode -t baseboard

Рекомендую прочесть:  Как установить библиотеку FreeType2 2.7 в Ubuntu 16.04

Как узнать модель материнской платы не разбирая компьютер под Linux

В моем случае это ASRock G31M-GS.

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